This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a crucial or theoretical additional supply.

This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a crucial or theoretical additional supply.

Generally speaking, the lens should expose one thing in regards to the original or “target” text that will never be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis might call the credibility regarding the arguments associated with lens piece into concern, expand the arguments of this lens text, or provoke several other reevaluation for the two texts. In either case, you’ll be creating a crucial “dialogue between texts.”

Reading the Texts

As you will fundamentally like to hone in on points of commonality and discord amongst the two texts, your order and way in which you read them is essential.

First, read the lens text to spot the author’s core arguments and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are generally thick and complex, it may possibly be beneficial to develop a plan for the author’s points that are primary. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a very important lens essay will “grapple with main tips” of this lens text, as opposed to working with remote quotes that could or might not be indicative for the author’s argument in general. As a result, it is crucial to ensure that you certainly realize and certainly will articulate the author’s details before continuing to your target text.

Then, quickly see the target text to build up an idea that is general of content. Then, think about: Where do we see basic points of agreement or disagreement between your two texts? Which for the lens text’s primary arguments could be employed into the target text? It could be much easier to give attention to 1 or 2 associated with the lens text’s central arguments.

With one of these tips in your mind, return back and see the target text very carefully, through the theoretical lens, thinking about the following concerns: Exactly what are the primary aspects of the lens text and what exactly are their complementary components within the target text? How do I apply the lens author’s theoretical language or logic to circumstances within the target text? Are there any circumstances where in fact the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? How come this? It really is useful to keep a careful, written record of web web resume help page figures, quotes, along with your ideas and responses while you read.

Because this style of paper handles a synthesis that is complex of sources, it really is particularly essential to possess an obvious course of action before beginning composing. It may help to cluster quotes or activities by material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or perhaps change the arguments into the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, tips, and arguments will start to emerge and you may begin drafting!

Composing the Introduction and Thesis

As your paper has to do with the interactions that are complex numerous texts, you should explain what you should be doing the introduction. Remember to demonstrably introduce the lens text and its own certain arguments you are going to be using or assessing. Then introduce the target text as well as its themes that are specific activities you’ll be handling in your analysis.

These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some type or type of thesis declaration. Though there aren’t any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, be sure it states the points of connection you’re going to be speaking about, and describes exactly what your critical or theoretical analysis of this target text reveals concerning the texts.

Composing your body

Your body is when you use certain arguments through the lens text to quotes that are specific circumstances when you look at the target text. In each full situation, be sure to talk about just what the lens text reveals concerning the target text (or the other way around). Make use of the lens text’s vocabulary and framework that is logical examine the prospective text, but remember to be clear about where some ideas into the paper are arriving from (the lens text, the goal text, your own personal interpretation etc.) and so the reader does not be confused.

By participating in this particular analysis, you may be “entering a conversation that is academic and inserting your personal ideas. As this will be unquestionably easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may show of good use. Within their book, they state, I state, the authors set down numerous templates to greatly help authors participate in unknown types of critical discourse that is academic. They encourage pupils to utilize the templates in virtually any capability they find of good use, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or with them being an entry that is analytical, then discarding them entirely.

right Here I modify their fundamental template (They say ________. I say ________.), to produce lens templates that are essay-specific help you to get started:

The writer associated with lens text lays away a framework that is helpful understanding cases of ________ in the mark text. Certainly, when you look at the target text, one sees that is______, which may be viewed a typical example of ________ by the lens author’s meaning. Therefore, we come across a point of commonality _____ that is concerning__. This similarity reveals ________.

Based on the lens text _______ tends to happen in situations where _______. Because of the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the mark text might be considered an example of _______. But, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.

One sees that is______ in the mark text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.

In the event that writer of the lens text is proper that ________, you might expect you’ll see ________ in the mark text. Nonetheless, ________ actually occurs, exposing a point that is critical of. This discord implies that ________. This matter is crucial because ________.

Wrapping Things up and conclusions that are drawing

The texts address by this point in your essay, you should be drawing conclusions regarding what your lens analysis reveals about the texts in questions, or the broader issues. Be sure to explain why these discoveries are very important when it comes to control by which you might be composing. To put it differently, that which was the idea of undertaking your analysis into the beginning? Pleased lens writing!

Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.

Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They Do Say, I State. (ny: W. W. Norton & Business, 2007), 2-3.

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